|Chronicles of the Wolf Prophecy Book One Cover.|
Animation when thought of is immediately seen as a cartoon, especially when Mickey Mouse or Snow White is mentioned. Walt Disney has an impact on animation and how it is viewed, taking animation to a whole new level of entertainment. It has a vast history of animators and films with unique techniques that bring imagination to life, bringing out the true meaning of animation. From the first cave painting to the popular hits today, animation has made its way into society today as a popular form of entertainment.
Animation comes from still images and the way they give the impression of movement. Animation has noted that “The word animation derives from the Latin word anime, meaning life.” This means you can view yourself or something else as animation if it is motion or alive. It does not necessarily mean a form of art. It is the impression of motion and the way it projects itself (Animation). As shown in Figure 1, the drawing by Andy gives the viewer the impression the cheetah is running. This is called the persistence of vision, as stated by What is. The persistence of vision allows anyone viewing a still image can in most cases identify movement, even though the image is not actually moving. This can also be seen as manipulating drawings, added by Nusair. In Figure 2, the artist used the idea of the persistence of vision by manipulating the drawing to fool the viewers’ eyes. This can also be called an optical illusion, but doesn’t tie into the idea of animation. The difference is the lively or excited quality in animation or images (Webster), where optical illusions require the viewer to stare intensely at a pattern or an edited image in order to see what the creator wants them to. Nevertheless, animation still does require some observation skills, just not as much needed. Animation is also defined by its fluid motion (Bachelor). Animation adds in addition that this usually consists of blending images. As shown in Figure 3, the artist shows the viewer that two characters are blended into one. Despite them being different characters, the person viewing can see the concept behind blending images. A person can make a movie or small film with a series of these drawings (Webster), blending images together in a fast pace to bring something to life as stated by Animation school. This is the process in which displaying still images in a rapid sequence creates an illusion of movement (What is). Consequently, animation can be defined by its relation to movement and how it is seen.
Uniquely, the history of animation is rooted from the impression of life from cave paintings. In Figure 4, the horses look to be in motion, even though they are not. The horses look like they are running through a field. Evidently, this goes back to the persistence of vision, but it is more interesting how far animation goes back. In 1640, the first animation device the Magic Lantern was invented (Animation). Figure 5 shows the device and hints how it was used. The Magic Lantern uses a small slider with small images. A flame is lit in the sphere like dome and casts enough light to project the images from the tube. This device is the first known animation projector. Then in 1893, Thomas Edison had invented the Kinetoscope, one of the first of his devices to use a light bulb (McLaughlin). Figure 6 shows the size and complexity inside of the device. The Kinetoscope differs from the magic lantern because it no longer uses a flame to project images. It is also much larger and requires someone to look into a small window as the device uses levers to switch between images. The next invention was the Cinematograph in 1894, invented by Lois Lumiere (McLaughlin). In Figure 7 there is an 1898 model of a cinematograph. The device is different from the Kinetoscope because it no longer required someone to stand and look into a small window. Instead, they could sit down and watch as someone moves the images. However, the device was able to project the images on its own. Finally, there is the Biograph from 1896. The image in Figure 8 shows the size of the Biograph, a large device that uses film like strips that project images through a large window. These were commonly used in theaters before using actual film and before sounds were imported into animations. It uses a light bulb to project light and display images through a large window. Then the turn point in animation occurred. Crandol states that “The art of animation was no longer the work of one man, it was streamlined, assembly-line process in the best Henry Ford tradition.” This meant that there were now more people working on the production of film creation, in terms of animation that is. In 1887 as noted by McLaughlin, the first considered film was produced. It was created by H.W. Goodwin who invented celluloid film, a chemical combination of gun cotton and gum camphor. Then, in 1906 was an animation directed by James Stuart Blackton called Humorous Phases of Funny Faces (Bachelor). As the title suggests, the film was a variation of drawings put into a small film where Blackton’s drawings shown people making silly faces in an almost fluid motion. Then finally in 1924, the first sound animation called sound Car-Tunes which was produced by Max and Dave Fleischer (Bachelor). This film was very much alike to Blackton’s film, only it consisted of color and sound. At last came Japanese animation, which boomed in the 90s according to Velasquez. It is a very popular form of entertainment and still is today. “Anime, a vibrant and action packed style of animation that originated in Japan, offers a unique experience for those people raised on traditional Walt Disney flicks, blending together high-tech look, multidimensional characters, and fantastical worlds. It is an experience not to be missed” (Velasquez).
Some of the most well-known animators have had an impact on society with their films and animations. One of them would be Hayao Miyazaki (Hayao). Miyazaki can be seen in Figure 10, smiling enthusiastically. Hayao was born in January 5, 1941 and is known to have lived in the shadow of war as noted by Spirited. During this time, Miyazaki had developed the interest in drawing and continues to do so today (Spirited). Some of Miyazaki’s films have also had an impact on animation history. His first film was called Nausicaa as stated by Spirited, but unfortunately not the most well-known of his work. However, his film Princess Mononoke had won an award, along with his 2002 film Spirited Away (Spirited). The picture in Figure 9 is a snapshot of Miyazaki’s film Princess Mononoke. Hayao states that “In 2002, his work burst into international screens with the ghostly animation ‘Spirited Away’. It smashed box office records in Japan and earned him an Oscar for Best Animated Feature”. That is a huge accomplishment for any producer! Next, is Tim Burton. His image can be seen in Figure 11, sitting as some would call “chill”. Bruton was born on August 25, 1958 (IMBD). He is quite popular in the film industry, known for his dark, but entertaining clay animations such as A Nightmare Before Christmas. However, despite the dark nature he has helped with some Disney movies such as the Fox and the Hound (IMBD). One of Tim Burton’s most popular hits is Edward Scissor Hands, but Tim Burton feels the complete opposite as the fans noting it is his least favorite (IMBD). This goes to show that animators don’t necessary enjoy or like every bit of their work, or at least find it ranking as high as others. Finally, the Warner Bros. An interesting fact as noted by Warner Bros., is “The company’s vast library, one of the most prestigious and valuable in the world, consists of more than 61,000 hours of programing, including nearly 6,500 feature films and 3,000 television programs comprised of tens of thousands of individual episodes.” The Warner Brothers mainly focus on television entertainment and home operations (Warner Bros). This means that most of their work is aimed towards cartoons or at home entertainment. In Figure 12, the front of Warner Bros. Company shows some of their characters such as Superman, Batman and Robin. These characters are quite popular in the entertainment industry. Some of their films are the Hobbit, 300 and Horrible Bosses, providing a wide range of theme and content (Warner Bros). Initially, Warner Bros. has a wide variety of entertainment options when it comes to animation.
Animation is grouped into different areas. One of the most popular today is Anime (Velasquez). In Figure 13 is a screenshot of the popular Anime called Attack on Titan or Shingeki no Kyojin in Japan. Anime is mostly shown on television and is animated from whatever manga the story comes from. This can also be seen as a cartoon in some places, but often just described as Japanese animation (Bachelor). Anime is a 2D animation where the characters are traditionally drawn on computer and look less realistic. That is where CGI comes in (Dash). There are different forms of CGI, one being game art style (Myll). Myll states “For cinemas we’ve created, we are following the traditional animation pipeline which has not changed since the 30’s. The main difference being that we now draw on Cintiqs directly into Flash.” An example of a cintiq can be seen in Figure 14. It looks like a very large drawing tablet with a digital screen. In addition to types of CGI, there is Cinema (Myll). Cinema focuses more on entertaining people with characters who are not controlled by a person. Game art style focuses more on creating characters that can be controlled by a gamer where cinema is mainly for movies or theatre. Next is stop-motion, characters made out of clay or some kind of mold (Animation). Movies such as a Nightmare before Christmas and the Corpse Bride are examples of stop-motion animation. The characters in this kind of animation are moving in a fluid motion, but in a staggering kind of motion where it looks like a bunch of photos are taking. Ironically, they are being taken and that is the main point behind stop motion. A third kind of animation is paint on glass as stated by Dash. Figure 14 shows a large contraption where the glass has paint sprayed on it quickly and photos are quickly taken. A special rig using multi planes of glass so that the paint on a number of surfaces could be manipulated without affecting the brush work on the others. That is a unique way in creating animation.
My animation account: moon-light-falls.deviantart.co…|
Credit to Teelia for ID. Elemental Storm Pride! <3
Please click here for info: amnesiamoons.deviantart.com/jo…
Stamps belong to respective owners.
Favorite Warrior Cats
Warrior cats Art by Skelos-kath
Warrior Cat AMV ideas: amnesiamoons.deviantart.com/jo…